The Health and Safety (First Aid) Regulations 1981 require all construction sites to have:
- a first aid box with enough equipment to cope with the number of workers on site
- an appointed person to take charge of first-aid arrangements
- information telling workers the name of the appointed person or first aider and where to find them. A notice in the site hut is a good way of doing this.
The appointed person includes looks after first-aid equipment and facilities and calls the emergency services when required. They can also provide emergency cover where a first-aider is unexpectedly absent (annual leave does not count). Appointed persons do not need first-aid training.
A first-aider is someone who has undertaken training and has a qualification that HSE approves. This means that they must hold a valid certificate of competence in either:
- first aid at work (FAW), issued by a training organisation approved by HSEr
- emergency first aid at work (EFAW), issued by a training organisation approved by HSE or a recognised Awarding Body of Ofqual/Scottish Qualifications Authority.
Fewer than 5 employees: At least one appointed person
5–50 employees: At least one first-aider trained in EFAW or FAW, depending on the type of injuries that may occur
More than 50employees: At least one first-aider trained in FAW for every 50 people employed (or part of 50)