All construction sites require:
- Measures to manage access across defined boundaries; and
- Steps to exclude unauthorised people.
While the numbers of children being killed or injured on construction sites have reduced, there is no room for complacency. Each year, two or three children die after gaining access to building sites, and many more are injured.
Other members of the public are seriously injured by:
- Materials or tools falling outside the site boundary.
- Falling into trenches; or
- Being struck by moving plant and vehicles.
The client’s pre-construction information should include:
- project boundaries;
- adjacent land use;
- access; and
- measures to exclude unauthorised people.
Managing site access
Site boundaries: You need to define boundaries physically, where necessary, by suitable fencing. The type of fencing should reflect the nature of the site and its surroundings.
Determining the boundary is an important aspect of managing public risk. You need to:
- plan what form the perimeter will take;
- provide the fencing; and
- maintain the fencing.
Questions you need to ask yourself include:
- What is the nature and type of construction work?
- How heavily populated is the area is?
- Who will need to visit the site during the work?
- Will the site attract children?
- What are the site characteristics (eg existing site boundaries, location, proximity to other buildings).
Typically, in populated areas, this will mean a two-metre high small mesh fence or hoarding around the site.
Authorisation: The principal contractor must take reasonable steps to prevent unauthorised people from accessing the site.
- People may be authorised to access the whole site or be restricted to certain areas;
- You must explain relevant site rules to authorised people and undertake any necessary site induction;
- You may need to supervise or accompany some authorised visitors while they are on site or visiting specific areas.